We are in the very early days of brain-computer interfaces (BCI) and there are still years of scientific research that needs to be carried out to get anywhere near creating powerful consumer-based BCI products. But, as designers, we believe it’s important to imagine what types of experiences this technology would enable in order to create the human-centered future for BCI.
We want to speculate about the different paths that BCI technology can take in order to have a better dialogue so we created a video short called “A Day in the Mind” as well as series of video prototypes to explore the different implications of the technology, realizing that we would have to make some wild guesses about the capabilities of the technology.

Thought based interfaces 2021
The early days

The user experience of BCI technology will feel a lot like learning to touch type felt like for the baby boomer generation. It will require a lot of cognitive effort to control and master.

Hello world 2021
auto correct 2021

As with all technologies there will be a push to try and justify some form of business model around BCI’s. The risks here are huge and both the good and bad of these scenarios are highlighted below.

count down 2021
Mental Health

When technology can start to decode your emotional state, what are the implications for mental health and managing mental states. By highlighting these new tools, we also open up the door to the potential risks exposed through these technologies.

Privacy Concerns

When we provide a window into the neurons of our minds, what does that expose us to? What undesirable outcomes might come to light?

Fine Motor COntrol

There has been a lot of progress made around tapping into the motor control capabilities of the brain. What happens if that skill set is taken further and further refined.

CARD 2021
Super Intelligence

The holy grail of BCI’s potential is to allow people to access data at the speed fo thought and be able to control and manipulate interfaces at the speed of thought. The exact type of thoughts that can be read are an ongoing area of research.


Kintsugi Upgrades is an NFT collection that uses the Japanese mending technique called kintsugi to combine medieval and post classical artifacts with high-tech fixtures to create a product that exists for a purely digital realm. Kintsugi is the art of repairing broken pottery by adhering the pieces back together and dusting the cracks with gold powder. The result is an entirely unique creation that is functional once again, but in the case of Kintsugi Upgrades, the original functionality has completely changed.

The Kintsugi Upgrades collection was initially inspired by ancient artifacts found in the Minneapolis Institute of Art and Malopolska’s Virtual Museums. Imagining an ancient world revived with modern technology has been a driving theme in our NFT series. As technology for virtual reality and the metaverse grows more potent, Kintsugi Upgrades is made to represent a clash of the old and the new but ultimately works in service of the future by creating objects that will populate virtual worlds.

Kintsugi Upgrades 2018
broken to rebuild

One of our goals with this NFT series is to capture the tension between democratizing digital spaces and the unique ability to own and possess digital assets. Each NFT is modeled after a real-world artifact that has been digitally scanned and uploaded online. We then artificially shattered the digital renderings to create a new object with upgraded capabilities that could only exist in the metaverse. While the core utility of the object still serves a purpose, like vases and water containers, the technology required to elevate their functionality is still far from reality. The metaverse will be fraught with these types of challenges, determining what is accessible and what is exclusive in a purely virtual form.
Innovation is a core value of our design studio so we have begun designing for a virtual world that is soon to be our future. Our NFTs are a way to show the innovation behind turning physical assets into digital commodities. They also serve to show the plausibility of transitioning more of our lives from the physical world into the digital.


The purpose of Kintsugi Upgrades is to help old products find new functions. Many of the original artifacts served some form of domestic purpose, like vases, water jugs, and food containers. By transitioning these artifacts into the digital realm through their Kintsugi Upgrades, they can no longer serve the same functional purposes as their real world counterparts. To mediate this tension, we designed each NFT to retain some aspect of a functional purpose, even in the metaverse. There is no current plan to create these NFTs as physical objects because the technology required to create them is not yet possible. For this reason, they remain confined to the metaverse.

Kintsugi Upgrades
Kintsugi Upgrades
The collections

The collection of 12 Kintsugi Upgrades selects objects from different cultures and historical periods to deconstruct and rebuild. The strength of each concepts are being able to see the beauty of the original historical object and then build off of that as we imagine the futuristic functionality that is embedded into the upgraded parts of the artifact.

The names of the KU’s are also chosen with the intention of retaining part of the object’s past identity while also referencing the new upgrade. KU10: Azote is named for its new function that utilizes nitrogen. Azote is another word for nitrogen, although outdated, and the functionality of KU10 involves extracting nitrogen from the air and compressing it into liquid nitrogen that can be used to preserve and freeze food. Another example is KU06: Botellones whose original artifact was a water container, or a botellones de agua, which we attempted to recapture in the upgraded version. KU06 builds off of the original utility by introducing nutrient supplements into the water container.